Accentuation types of noun word forms in Old Persian
Keywords:accentuation types, historical accentology, historical phonology, Old Persian, diachronic interpretation, Indo-European studies
The article deals with the problems of accentuation types of noun word forms in Old Persian. The materials from Old Persian glossaries were used to form the register with 202 noun word forms in volume. Using traditional methodology that is accepted in Iranian comparative linguistics the author distributed available lexicon to seven accentuation types, each of them consisting of noun word forms with a stressed syllable of the same quality. In addition, some word forms that show unusual accentuation
patterns because of the etymological uncertainty, sporadic appearance or possible orthographical mistakes in original cuneiform texts were referred to a separate accentuation type. According to the position of the stressed syllable in a noun word form every accentuation type was divided into accentuation models, the total number of which is 20 units. The author gives a special linguistic commentary within each accentuation type that explains the conditions of the functioning and diachronic evolution of its type.
In addition, this paper shows accentuation influence on morphology and morphophonology of Old Persian nouns. Besides Old Persian lexicon, the article deals with Avestan and Pahlavi noun word forms, which are closely related to Old Persian. The use of lexicon of related languages assists in more accurate diachronic analysis of accentuation processes and better demonstrates Indo-European lingual universals within the Old Persian lexicon.
Расторгуева, В. С., & Эдельман, Д. И. (1975). Опыт историко-типологического
исследования иранских языков. Москва: Наука.
Расторгуева, В. С., & Эдельман, Д. И. (2000). Этимологический словарь иранских
языков, т. 1. Москва: Восточная литература.
Расторгуева, В. С., & Эдельман, Д. И. (2003). Этимологический словарь иранских
языков, т. 2. Москва: Восточная литература.
Расторгуева, В. С., & Эдельман, Д. И. (2007). Этимологический словарь иранских
языков, т. 3. Москва: Восточная литература.
Bachenheimer, A. (2019). Old Persian: Dictionary, Glossary, Concordance. Great Britain:
Bartholomae, Chr. (1979). Altiranisches Werterbuch. Strassburg.
Benveniste, E. (1968). Le systeme phonologique de l`iranien ancien. Paris: BSL.
Brandstein, W., & Mayrhofer, M. (1964). Handbuch des Altpersischen. Weisbaden: Otto
Hintz, W. (1973). Altiranisches Spruchgut der Nebenüberlieferungen. Weisbaden: Otto
Kent, R. (1950). Old Persian: Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. New Eaven: American Oriental
Mackenzie, D. N. (1986). A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. London: Oxford University Press.
Skjarvo, P. O. (2007). Avestan and Old Persian Morphology. Morphologies of Asia and
Africa. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
License1. Authors take full responsibility for the content of the articles as well as the fact of their publication.
2. All the authors must follow the current requirements for publication of manuscripts. Plagiarism itself and its representation as the original work as well as submission to the editorial office previously published articles are unacceptable. In case of plagiarism discovery the authors of the submitted materials take all the responsibility.
3. Authors shall inform the editor of any possible conflict of interests which could be influenced by the publication of the manuscript results.
4. The editorial board has the right to refuse publication of an article in case of non-compliance with these requirements.