Publication Ethics

I. General Provisions
Authors must comply with publication ethics on authorship, conflict of interest and material distribution; avoid plagiarism, data manipulation, concurrent submission of the same manuscript, or part thereof, to several publishers, etc.
Reviewers and editors are obliged to carry out impartial and ojective expert reviews of manuscripts, respecting confidentiality and pre-declaring any conflict of interest.
• The editorial board carefully and fundamentally considers all disputes and infringements, corrects and removes materials if necessary.

II. General Duties and Responsibilities of the Editorial Board
• The main standards relied on by the journal "Messenger of Kyiv National Linguistic University. Series Philology" are those developed by Committee on Publication Ethics (United Kingdom), other foreign editorial associations and information systems.
• During the publishing process the editorial board provides technical and informational support to users of the journal.
• The editorial board guarantees confidentiality of materials submitted to the journal throughout the entire editorial and publishing process, takes into account the provisions of the Law of Ukraine "On Protection of Personal Data" and the General Data Protection Regulation.
• The editorial board takes into account comments and suggestions of readers, authors and reviewers on the editorial policy of the scientific journal.
• The editorial board promptly responds to any complaints on the work of the journal and guarantees proper solutions of all problem situations.

Cooperation with Readers
• The editorial board provides proper information sharing and distribution of a newly published content to readers.
• The editorial board ensures that all published scientific papers were reviewed by qualified experts.

Cooperation with Authors
• The editorial board provides authors with detailed instructions regarding the editorial and publishing process, informs about submission terms and cover dates of issues.
• Authors are provided with detailed description of the review process; in case of any deviations from the described process, editors are obliged to provide an explanation to the author.
• The editorial board defines the criteria for evaluation of materials and carries out the selection of qualified reviewers for each manuscript.
• The editorial board sends authors reviewers’ detailed comments.
• The editorial board reserves the right to minor technical editing and correction of texts, while preserving the author's style.
• The editorial board’s decision of acceptance / rejection of the manuscript is based on its topicality, originality, novelty, relevance to the scientific scope and the guidelines of the journal.
• If the manuscript contains many controversial issues (for example, negative feedback by both reviewers about the manuscript quality, poor or insufficient correction work by the author, etc.), the editorial board cannot approve it for publication.
• If the author disagrees with the editorial decision, the journal declares the process of filing an appeal to the editorial office (see Peer Review Process. Appeal Procedure). 
• At the request of the author the manuscript can be removed from consideration and archived in the journal (with the consequent possibility of recovery in the queue). To do this, the author should contact the editor with a proper request.

Cooperation with Reviewers
• Manuscripts undergo double blind peer reviewing.
• The editorial board provides reviewers with detailed instructions on the work in the journal system.
• The editorial board asks the reviewer to declare the presence of any possible conflict of interest before he / she agrees to review the material submitted to him / her.
• Reviewers should objectively evaluate the quality of the manuscript, experimental and theoretical work, its interpretation and discussion, and determine whether it meets scientific standards. Reviewers should not use or disclose unpublished information, arguments contained in the manuscript, without the consent of the author.
• Reviewers should treat the manuscript submitted for review as a confidential document.
• Reviewers should adequately explain and justify their judgments so that editors and authors can understand what their critical comments are based on.
• Reviewers should inform about any cases of insufficient citation by authors of other scholars’ works directly related to the peer-reviewed paper.
• Reviewers draw the editor-in-chief's attention to the possible similarity between the manuscript and the previously published scientific work. Any statement that an observation, conclusion or argument has been previously published must be accompanied by an appropriate link / proof.
• Reviewers should contribute to the improvement of publications, strengthening the argumentation of conclusions, clearer and more logical presentation of the author's views.
• The editorial board asks reviewers to report all cases of plagiarism.
• The editorial board sends a message thanking the reviewers for their contributions to the journal.
• The editorial board ensures that all the reviewers' qualifications correspond to the level of the journal, and if necessary, invites other relevant reviewers.
• The editorial board stops cooperation with the reviewers who provide reviews of poor quality or with a constant delay.
• The editorial board uses a variety of sources (not only personal contacts but also specific databases) to identify potential reviewers.
• The editorial board ensures that the review process is fair, objective, unbiased and timely.
Confidentiality. Reviewers do not have the right to disclose the information specified in manuscripts prior to publication.

Cooperation with Editors
The editorial board is obliged to:
• provide new editors with detailed instructions on how to operate the journal system and features of the publishing process;
• regularly review the editorial staff;
• continuously inform the members of the editorial board about new provisions and rules;
• provide clear instructions to the editors about their functions, powers and duties (supporting and promoting the journal);
• regularly consult the editorial staff, inform about changes in the journal policy, technical innovations and exchange of suggestions for the future functioning of the journal;
• Confidentiality. Editors do not have the right to disclose the information specified in the manuscripts prior to publication.

III. Status of the Author
The author of the manuscript is a researcher who has made a contribution in all subsequent stages of the preparation of the article:
• the idea of conducting research, problem statement and research objectives;
• the development of the concept and design of the manuscript, data collection, analysis and interpretation;
• drafting the article or its critical scientific review and correction;
• approval of the final version for publication.

Every author is responsible for the content of the article. If the work is produced by a team of scientists, authors must include a list of persons who meet the above stated criteria and add the name of the group.
Funding for the study or general supervision of the group work is not an authorship.
Replacing the authors. If in the period of time from the submission of the manuscript prior to its publication for any reason the list of authors should be changed, the author, who deposits the manuscript should contact the editorial office and indicate the reason for change.

IV. Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest (hereinafter referred to as CI) is the factors that negatively affect objectivity, or can be perceived as interference into the process of peer review, editorial decision-making, publishing and presentation of the manuscript.
CI may arise in relation to individuals or organizations, and is divided into the following categories (but not limited to these):
1) personal CI:
• personal relationships (e.g., friends, family members, current or former managers, opponents) with persons involved in the process of submission or reviewing manuscripts (by authors, reviewers, editors or editorial board members);
• personal beliefs (political, religious, ideological, etc.) related to the topic of the manuscript, which may interfere with the objective publication process (at the stage of submission, review, editorial decision-making or publication);
2) professional CI:
• the reviewer or editor is the author's colleague, who participated or observed the conduct of the research in question;
• membership in organisations that lobby the author’s interests;
3) financial CI:
• research grants from any funding organisations: governmental, non-governmental, research or charitable institutions;
• patent applications (actual or expected), including applications of institutions the author refers to, and from which he / she can make a profit;
• fees, gifts and favors of any kind;
• all persons involved in the manuscript, including authors, editors, reviewers and readers who comment on or evaluate the material, should report any conflict of interest;
• if, in the opinion of the editors, there are circumstances which may affect the impartial review of the material, the editorial board does not appeal to this reviewer;
• the editorial board reserves the right not to publish a manuscript, if the conflict of interests declared by the author puts objectivity and authenticity of research estimation under a threat;
• if the editorial board reveals any conflict of interest that has not been declared upon submission, the manuscript may be rejected. If undeclared conflict of interest is discovered after publication, the article can be corrected or removed if necessary.

V. Access to and Use of Material and Data
• The authors confirm that all the material presented in the publication will be distributed in the public domain and may be used by other researchers with a scientific non-profit purpose under CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) with the obligatory indication of authorship.
• Supportive data (data sets, software applications, photos, audio and video), covering and complementing the content of the study, can be further placed in institutional repositories or on other online resources, which requires a corresponding link in the article. If the author is not able to take advantage of this resource, materials can be loaded into the journal as a "Enclosed files" when submitting the article (Step 4).
• If the article describes a new open source software, authors should place it on a suitable resource and provide a comprehensive description of the used algorithms.
• If there is a doubt in the authenticity of the data provided in the published article, and the material cannot be accessed, making it impossible to check them, readers can contact the editorial office to further contact with the author, test and enter corrections.
• At the request of the editorial office, the authors must provide immediate access to all data and materials presented in the article, if it does not break the rule of confidentiality, related to the anonymous questioning of people during research.

VI. Correction and Text Addition
• If necessary, the editorial board makes necessary changes and clarifications to the content, publishes a retraction and apology.
• The editors can make minor changes fixing small errors and clarifying the content of the article that improve its content, but do not significantly alter its structure as a whole. To do this, it is necessary to send a request to the editorial office.

VII. Commenting on the Published Articles
• On the pages of the published articles there is an opportunity for users (readers, authors or incognito users) to leave comments. The editorial board encourages users to post as many feedback comments on the published papers as possible.
• The editorial board promptly reviews and responds to the justified criticism of the materials published in the journal, informs the authors of the articles on the received feedback and requests to make a clarification.
• Commenting must have the character of a civilized scientific discussion (it may contain clarifications and additions to the content and results gained in a particular article; arguments must be accompanied by a reference to published resources or contain exhaustive scientific justification).
• Comments otherwise (abusive and obscene language, ads and spam) will be deleted.
• User accounts that violate the above mentioned rules will be removed.

VIII. Manuscript Submitted to Several Publishers
• Submitting the manuscript, authors should confirm that the work (or its modified version) is not being considered for review and publication in another journal. If such work has already been filed or published in another journal, the editorial board will not consider it.

IX. Intellectual Property
• The editorial board responds to signals related to intellectual property issues, and works to prevent potential violations of the Ukrainian legislation on intellectual property and copyright.
• The editorial board controls that the research findings, which are published in the journal, are carried out in accordance with internationally accepted recommendations

X. Plagiarism
• The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the information presented in the articles, the accuracy of the names, surnames and citations.
• The authors are responsible for the provided material in the case of spotted plagiarism.