BIRTH OF A SURREAL IMAGE IN ATTRIBUTIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

Authors

  • L. PRADIVLIANNA National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32589/2311-0821.1.2019.170180

Keywords:

surrealism, image, adjective-nominative constructions, David Gascoigne

Abstract

Introduction. The article focuses on the problems of the surreal images in the poetry of David Gascoigne – one of the leaders of surrealist movement in Great Britain.
Surrealist image remains a complex phenomenon with weird, fantastic, dream-like qualities. To create surreality, it must conform to rigid criteria of juxtaposing distant realities.
Purpose of this paper is to define the types of semantic connections between the elements in the adjective/participle-noun constructions in Gascoigne’s poetry and to analyze the linguistic mechanisms of creating a surreal image.
Methods. The research was carried out by means of the methods of structural, semantic and contextual analysis.
Results. Despite the fact that British surrealism was less automatic than the French original, the poems of David Gascoyne show the avant-garde tendency to the liberation of the language from the established norms and freeing the poems of narrative contexts. Reading surrealist poetry involves constant and systematic decoding of strange, sometimes absurd, often violent images.
The paper looks at various types of adjective-noun constructions in Gascoigne’s poetic collection created both in accordance with the system of the language and by its violation, and analyses the ways of rendering the unconscious and creating the surreality.
Conclusions. Analyses of adjective/participle-noun combinations shows the mechanisms of image creation the poet uses in his works – expressions with literal meaning in inappropriate, metaphorical, hallucinatory contexts where they acquire new semantic shades of meaning, and combinations of lexemes that belong to incompatible semantic groups. The most complicated surrealist images are born of the interlocking of several tropes or are the product of the poet’s appeal to dream-like states and his contacts with the artists. The links of meaning in these wordcombinations are hard to find, which doesn’t lead to the destruction of the image but inspires readers’ spontaneous associations.

References

Гаспаров, М.Л. (2012). Избранные труды. (Том IV). Москва: Языки славянской культуры.

Спасская, Е. Л. (1992). Семантика и структура образа в поэтических текстах французских сюрреалистов. (Дисс. канд. филолог. наук). Москва.

Рошаль, В.М. (2008). Энциклопедия символов. Москва: ACT, Санкт-Петербург: Сова.

Breton, A. (1969). Manifestoes of surrealism. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Gascoyne, D. (1936). A Short Survey of Surrealism. Great Britain: Sherval Press.

Germain, E. B. (1986). Automatism and the birth of language. In Higgins I. (Ed.), Surrealism and Language: Seven essays (рр. 76-85). Edinburgh: Scott. acad. Press.

Jackaman, R. (1975). View from the White Cliffs: A Close Look at One Manifestation of English Surrealism. Twentieth Century Literature, 21(1), 72-80.

Jaіocha, A. (2016). The sleep of reason produces surreality. Surrealism in the context of dreams. Magazyn antropologiczno-spoіeczno-kulturowy “Maska”, 30, 75-85.

Karlinsky, S. (1967). Surrealism in Twentieth-Century Russian Poetry: Churilin, Zabolotskii, Poplavskii. Slavic Review, 26 (4), 605-617.

Martin, G.D. (1986). A measure of distance: the rhetoric of the surrealist adjective. In Higgins I. (Ed.), Surrealism and Language: Seven essays (рр. 12-29). Edinburgh: Scott. acad. press.

Mounin, G. (1986). Paul Eluard’s forbidden words. In Higgins I. (Ed.), Surrealism and Language: Seven essays (рр. 1-11). Edinburgh: Scott. acad. press. Macmillan English Dictionary online. Retrieved from: https://www.macmillandictionary.com/

Pradivlianna, L. (2019). Dream and Reality in the Poetry of David Gascoigne. Оdessa Linguistic Journal, 12, 32-38.

Quinn, S. (1985). Surrealist imagery and the right brain. (PhD), The University of Alberta., Edmonton, Alberta.

Remy, M. (1999). Surrealism in Britain. Aldershot, Hants, England ; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate.

Scott, R. L. (2002). David Gascoyne. FromDarkness into Light: A Study of poetry 1932-1950. (PhD), University of Northumbria, Newcastle.

Stockwell, P. (2012). The surrealist experiments with language. In J. Bray (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature Routledge (рр. 48-61). London, New York: Routledge.

Stockwell, P. (2017). The Language of Surrealism. London, Macmillan Int. Higher Education.

Stockwell, P. (2005). Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. London, New York, Routledge.

LITERARY SOURCES

Gascoyne, D. (1965). Collected poems. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Gascoyne, D. (2012). Poems. Retrieved from: www.poemhunter.com/poem/and-the-seventhdream-is-the-dream-of-isis/

Downloads

Issue

Section

Articles