Scientific results of quantitative Nostratic verification of the degrees of affinity of the Afro-Asiatic, Indo-European and Kartvelian language families

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32589/2311-0821.2.2020.223248

Keywords:

diachronic interpretation, quantitative verification, Nostratic etymon, Afro-Asiatic, Indo-European and Kartvelian language families

Abstract

The article represents the quantitative Nostratic verification scientific results of the degrees of affinity
of the Afro-Asiatic, Indo-European and Kartvelian language families, which was carried out based on the
procedural steps of diachronic interpretation of the Afrasian *f[a]ħ-, Indo-European *phéħh-ur- [*pháħh-ur-],
*phǝħh-wór- and Kartvelian *px- that reach the Nostratic *phaħ- (~ * phǝħ-). The methodological algorithm
has been conducted, on the one hand, for the procedure of diachronic interpretation, which involves three
stages: 1) morphological level (general morphonemic structure, quality of syllables, shifts (transitions) and
coincidences), 2) phonological level (vocal and / or consonant phonemes), alternations, modifications /
mutations of vocal and / or consonant phonemes, ictus(‘) (if any), shifts (transitions) and coincidences),
3) semantic level (content plan, archiseme(s), shifts (transitions) and coincidences), and on the other hand, for
the procedure of quantitative verification, which involves two stages: 1) matrix verification of indicators –
building a matrix of phonological, morphological and semantic shifts (transitions) and coincidences,
2) verification of degrees of affinity of Nostratic languages, i.e. establishing the degrees of affinity
of Nostratic languages in the triad 'type – metric – relationship'. As a result, it was possible to register a close
degree of affinity, corresponding to divergent-convergent development, between Afrasian *f[a]ħ- and
Kartvelian *px-, a distant degree of affinity, corresponding to convergent-divergent development, between
Afro-Asiatic *f[a]ħ- and Indo-European *phéħh-ur- [*pháħh-ur-], *phǝħh-wór-.

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