LANGUAGE AND STYLISTIC FEATURES OF THE COLLECTED POEMS “DROBNA ZMIANA” BY MARCIN ŚWIETLICKI

Authors

  • М. І. ПОЛОВИНКІНА Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32589/2311-0821.2.2018.152002

Keywords:

Marcin Świetlicki, “Drobna zmiana”, denomination of poems, modern Polish, vocabulary, syntax, stylistics

Abstract

Introduction. Marcin Њwietlicki is a modern Polish poet and prose writer, winner of many literary awards. The critics praised his collections “Pieśni profana” (1998), “Czynny do odwołania” (2001), “Delta Dietla” (2015), etc. One of his latest works – “Drobna zmiana”, issued in 2016 – has practically not been investigated. This book is a sample for lexicosemantic analysis.

Purpose. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the M. Њwietlicki’s collected poems “Drobna zmiana”, to determine the specific features of the author’s language with special interest to syntax, vocabulary and stylistics.

Methods. The research is grounded on the descriptive method, the methods of synthesis and induction, contextual analysis and quantitative analysis as well. Results. The collection of poems “Drobna zmiana” is characterized by short and simple sentences, unusual titles (in particular, according to their belonging to the parts of speech), laconicism and cyclicity, polysemanticity, a large number of interrogative sentences, a combination of everyday and exotic vocabulary, anglicicisms, the names of modern subjects, “tabooed” lexemes.

The quantitative analysis which results are given in the paper illustrates that titlesnouns (26,3%), titles-combinations of nouns with adjectives (25,3%) and with numerals (11%) are the most numerous in the investigated collection of poems. The popularity of titles-nouns
is probably connected with specific author’s style, his world view and his tendency to watch and to nominate reality, both everyday and exotic things. The last place was occupied by poems’ namespronouns,
adjectives, adverbs, verbs and a combination of several different parts of speech.

Conclusion. The M. Њwietlicki’s language is modern and close to the youth culture, although this author was born in the early sixties of the XX century. The special linguistic features and distinctive style of the book “Drobna zmiana” make it controversial, ambiguous, deep in content and relevant to both linguists and a wide range of readers. This study has broad perspectives, which include, in particular, investigation of linguistic features of the other M. Świetlicki’s collected poems, analysis of his prose’s language, finding the peculiarities of these texts’ translations, as well as their comparison with the works of the other writers.

References

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