UNIVERSAL COMPONENTS OF SYMBOLIC IMAGERY IN NARRATIVE OF UKRAINIAN AND ENGLISH FAIRY TALES

Authors

  • В. В. БЛІДЧЕНКО-НАЙКО O.O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32589/2311-0821.2.2018.151705

Keywords:

symbol, archetype, fairy tale, image-symbol, symbolic motif

Abstract

Introduction. The paper focuses on the study of fairy-tale narrative with special interest to the universal components of the folk tale symbolic imagery. Semiotic (symbolic) facet in the Ukrainian and English fairy-tales’ narrative analysis contributes to further investigations in
the field of linguosemiotic, linguocultural, literary-semiotic and other cross-disciplinary studies.

Purpose. The paper aims at revealing of common archetypes or prototypes of the symbolic images and motifs in Ukrainian and English fairy tales.
To achieve this purpose we have applied the integrative methodology based on methods of contextual interpretation analysis, intertextual analysis, elements of the method of comparative analysis of Ukrainian and English fairy tales, as well as elements of the methods of archetypal
and narrative analyses.

The major results refer to the identifying the similar symbolic properties of the Ukrainian and English fairy tales. We have revealed and described the most widespread symbolic images: a symbol of forest as a boundary space between fantastic worlds and, at the same time, a netherworld, associated with the universal motif of initiation; a symbol of tree manifested by
the symbolic images of oak and apple tree acting both as the character’s assistant and mediator between the worlds; an ambivalent symbol of apple involving the archetypal motifs of eternal youth, earthly desires, temptations and transition to another world. Next recurrent motif is thepersonage’s transformation into an animal or a bird, metaphorically manifesting the archetypal idea of ancestors’ reincarnation in totems. The motif of marriage on animals is no less common in tales together with the motive of the totem assistant. Both the bird and the horse belong
to universal mythologems, the former associating with a symbol of the soul and metonymically performing a function of the content of the soul, and the latter acting as an assistant and a mediator between the worlds. The archetypal symbols of fire and water are symbolically reinterpreted
in fairy tales as the border between the worlds, manifestations of the idea of good and evil, symbols of purification as well as in paradigms of ambivalent images appearing as the metonymic
manifestations of the basic symbols.

Conclusion. Constant images of fairy tales symbolize the unity of man with nature, with animals and birds, elements of being. The fairy-tale symbols appear as a system organization, the paradigm of images, with numerous metonymic and metaphorical derivatives from basic symbols, as well as the syntagmatic symbolic links between archetypal symbols and associated
symbolic motifs.

References

Аверинцев, С. С. (2006). София-Логос. Словарь. Взято з https://vk.com/doc-123642573_45189223407

Балушок, В. Г. (1988). Обряди ініціації українців та давніх слов’ян. Львів: Просвіта.

Белый, А. (2010). Символизм. Книга статей. Москва: Культурная революция; Республика.

Войтович, В. (2002). Українська міфологія. Київ: Либідь.

Дунаєвська, Л. Ф. (1997). Українська народна проза (легенда, казка) – еволюція епічних традицій. Київ: Київський університет.

Кассирер, Э. (1998). Логика наук о культуре. Избранное. Опыт о человеке. Москва: Гардарики.

Керлот, Х. Э. (1994). Словарь символов. Москва: REFL-book.

Кравченко, Н. К. (2017). Дискурс и дискурс-анализ: краткая энциклопедия. Киев: Интерсервис.

Кравченко, Н. К. (2012). Практическая дискурсология: школы, методы, методики современного дискурс-анализа. Луцьк: Волиньполіграф.

Лосев, А. Ф. (1976). Проблема символа и реалистическое искусство. Москва: Искусство.

Лотман, Ю. М. (1992). Символ в системе культуры. Избранные статьи: В 3-х томах (Т. 1: Статьи по семиотике и типологии культуры). Таллинн: Александра.

Лотман, Ю. М. (2004). Семиосфера: Культура и взрыв. Внутри мыслящих миров. Статьи. Исследования. Заметки. Санкт-Петербург: Искусство-СПБ.

Пропп, В. Я. (1946). Исторические корни волшебной сказки. Ленинград: Изд.-во Ленингр. ун-та.

Пропп, В. Я. (1928). Морфология сказки. Ленинград: Academia.

Слухай (Молотаева), Н. В. (2006). Символ в кругу смежных и близкородственных понятий. Слово. Символ. Текст. (с. 172-183). Киев.

Успенский, Б. А. (1982). Филологические разыскания в области славянских древностей. Москва: Изд-во Моск. ун-та.

Франц, М.-Л. фон. (2007). Архетипические паттерны в волшебных сказках. Москва: Класс.

Шелестюк, Е. В. (1997). О лингвистическом исследовании символа. Вопросы языкознания, 4, 125-143.

Шпенглер, О. (1993). Закат Европы. Очерки морфологии мировой истории (Т. 1). Москва: Мысль.

Fromm, Erich (1957). The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales and Myths. New York: Grove.

Fairy-Tale Symbolism: An Overview. Oxford Research Encyclopedias. Retrieved from http://literature.oxfordre.com/view

Freud, Sigmund (1991). The Interpretation of Dreams. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

ЛЕКСИКОГРАФІЧНІ ДЖЕРЕЛА

Славянские древности: Этнолингвистический словарь (1995): В 5-ти томах (Т. 1). Москва: Междунар. отношения.

ДЖЕРЕЛА ІЛЮСТРАТИВНОГО МАТЕРІАЛУ

Дерево до неба. Українська казка. Взято з https://kazky.org.ua/zbirky/ukrajinsjki-narodni-kazky

Добра казка. Взято з http://dobra-kazka.in.ua/kazky-narodiv-svitu/ukrajinski-kazki/bila-loshka/

Івасик-телесик. Українські традиції. Взято з http://traditions.in.ua/usna-narodna-tvorchist/ kazky/

Українська народна казка. Взято з http://svitkazok.blogspot.com/2014/02/bila-lioshka.html

Українська народна казка. Взято з http://proridne.org

Українська народна казка. Взято з https://derevo-kazok.org; http://kazka.vn.ua

Українська казка. Взято з http://kazka.vn.ua

BECUMA of the white skin. Irish fairy tales. Retrieved from https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/ Irish_Fairy_Tales_(Stephens)/Becuma_of_the_White_Skin

English Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs. Retrieved from https://www.pitt.edu

The Rose-Tree. English Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs. Retrieved from http://www.authorama.com/english-fairy-tales-5.html

Frazer, James George, Sir. The Golden Bough. New York: Macmillan. Retrieved from www.bartleby.com/196/

Irish Fairy Tales. Retrieved from http://www.sacred-texts.com.

The Son of the King of Erin and the Giant of Loch Lein. Irish Fairy Tales. Retrieved from http://bezogr.ru/irlandskie-volshebnie-skazki.html

The Soul Cages. Folk Tales and Other Tales. Retrieved from http.://oaks.nvg.org/tales-work

Issue

Section

Articles